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Title: Comparative study between current Practices on cassava drying by small-size enterprises in Africa
Authors: Precoppe, M.
Komlaga, G. A.
Chapuis, A.
Muller, J.
Keywords: Convection dryer;Pneumatic dryer;Flash dryer;Fixed bed dryer;Flatbed dryer;Energy efficiency;Product quality;Costs
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Applied Sciences, 10, 1-17
Abstract: Small-size enterprises drying cassava in Africa mostly use fixed-bed dryers or pneumatic dryers. The objective of this study was to determine which of those two dryers is the best choice for this operation. Energy performance, product quality and costs were measured and analysed using a comparative experiment design. Each dryer was considered as a treatment and experiments were performed in quintuplicate at a cassava processing small-size enterprise in Ghana. The energy performance of the pneumatic dryer was superior because of the better contact between the cassava grits and the drying air, resulting in greater heat and mass transfer. The cassava flour obtained from the fixed-bed dryer had a higher Whiteness Index, but the same level of lightness, and the staff responsible for managing product quality was not able to visually distinguish them. As a result of the pneumatic dryer’s better energy performance, its operating cost was lower. The capital cost of this dryer was higher, but to recover the additional investment only 194 days of operation were needed. Therefore, it was concluded that pneumatic dryers are a better choice of equipment for cassava drying by small-size enterprises in Africa
Journal Name: Applied Sciences
Appears in Collections:Food Research Institute

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